Category Archives: Introduction to Med Lab


Microscope is made up off three basic component which include; Stand The stand is the frame of the microscope, stand is skeleton of the microscope of which other part of the microscope is attached to. Mechanical component The mechanical component


Epidemiological Terminologies Epidemiology investigates the distribution of diseases, their physiological variables and social consequences in human populations, and the factors that influence disease distribution (World Health Organization [WHO] definition). The field covered by this discipline can thus be defined as

Use and care of centrifuge

Use and care of centrifuge Just like other instrument need care so also did centrifuge, below are some of the used and care for centrifuge; Make sure that you balance the centrifuge by making sure that the weigh equal to

Model type of centrifuge

Model type of centrifuge These is the subcalassification of swing out rot centrifuge, they are basically classified into five type which include; Hand centrifuge: these are centrifuge operated manually by hand. The centrifuge is fixed to a bench with the

Type of centrifuge

Type of centrifuge Centrifuge is basically made up of two type, there production is based on the way the rotate known as rotors. The two type of centrifuge are named as; fixed angle centrifuge swing out centrifuge fixed angle centrifuge:

Care and maintenance of laboratory balance

Care of laboratory balance Weighing balance is very delicate instrument in the laboratory, as such it need special handling and maintenance. Often, every instrument come with manufactural guidelines, of which the laboratory weighing balance is not an exception. Each weighing


WEIGHING EQUIPMENT Weighing equipment is very important in the medical laboratory. Because before reagent can be prepared, the must be weigh to known the quantity required to be titrated with the solvent, that define the important of weighing balance in


Instruments and equipment are essential for the functioning of any medical laboratory. The last twenty years have observed extraordinary development in the area of computerisation of medical laboratory technology. It has been witnessed that the progress has led to additional


Light Microscope  Microscope can simple be refer an instrument that facilitate the visualization of microorganism. Microorganism are those organism that we cannot see with our naked eyes. Microscope is one of the most exorbitant and fragile instrument use in the

Catarrh is a build-up of mucus in an airway or cavity of the body

It often affects the back of the nose, the throat or the sinuses (air-filled cavities in the bones of the face). It sometimes temporary, but some people experience it for months even years. This is called chronic catarrh. Catarrh can


This is the type of filtration that used air to achieve a certain filtration goal. These happen to be one of the common practices in most of the laboratories. These method of filtration used a sealed limited flow cabinets to


Sterilization power of steam under pressure Sterilization power of steam under pressure is because the temperature it poses above 100 ºC and the condition when cool. Wet object give it potential of transferring it latent heat of evaporation there by

Laboratory Reporting

After processing specimen in the laboratory it is very important that the information obtained be sent to the physician. The three are off reporting a reliability rapid and relevance. Reliability of course speak for yourself. The result should be reliable

Laboratory Reporting

After processing specimen in the laboratory it is very important that the information obtained be sent to the physician. The three are off reporting a reliability rapid and relevance. Reliability of course speak for yourself. The result should be reliable

Biosafety programme

Responsibility for safety Employer and the employee both share the responsibility for safety in a clinical medical laboratory. It is the right of the employer to provide a safe working place for it employee. Also the employee should be aware

Medical waste disposal

A proper way of disposing of medical waste Health care organisation such as hospital maternity centre clinical laboratory generate a large numbers of waste material that can be harmful to the community at large if proper precautions are not given

Biosafety levels

biosafety are categorised into four level. This level are the basis on which infectious agents assigned based on their virulence. This levels of biosafety each of it has it own guidelines approach containment level which made up of combination of

receipt of laboratory sample

Every hospital have different way of collecting laboratory sample from wards, but whatever way the hospital adopt in collecting the laboratory sample the following requirements must be adhered to; 1 the specimens container must be robust and leak proof. 2

Collections and reporting of laboratory specimen

A lot of variety of difference types of sample are receive daily in a routing pathology department. as such, it is very important to observe certain details to ensure that accurate report with the minimum of delay. 1 the sample

Containment(safety method of managing infectious materials)

One of the greatest hazard in the medical laboratories is contamination with infectious material. Everyone that entered the laboratory is vulnerable 20 laboratory infection. As a result of this there is a growing concern about safety practice, procedures and facilities

specific precaution against hepatitis b virus (HBV)and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection

An injury that take place accidentally in the medical laboratory through the use of needle such as needle prick when working with the sample suspected or a known hepatitis b patient or human immunodeficiency virus patient HIV. The laboratory personnel

Biosafety in clinical laboratory

Biosafety involves safe handling and disposal of hazardous biological materials in the laboratory This material consist of infectious agent themselves as well as often actually or potentially contaminated with them. A large numbers of laboratory workers handling such material as

hazard label

Laboratory hazards symbols and sign A hazardous substance label include a hazard warning symbol that indicates the overall label of the risk associated with using a chemical substance. On this post we are going to highlight all the hazard associated

safety in medical laboratory

Staff health Medical laboratory is one of the most dangerous environment of working so before commencing employment, prospective employee must have a medical examination or provide a statement from their own doctor that they are medically fit for the type

Reporting laboratory accident

Reporting accident One of my student ask me a question, the question he ask is that what is the magnitude of accident should we report to the head of the laboratory? And my answer to him is that as long

Major cause of laboratory hazard

discuss on the major cause of laboratory hazard. the prevention of common accident is very well documented in many laboratory manuals it is very important that all members of the laboratory staff are where’s with the nature of this hazard


There are some chemical substances which are gaseous in nature that are used in the laboratory for sterilization i.e formaldehyde and ethylene oxide. This substance is used as an alternative when autoclave is not available. Formaldehyde is use to for


CHEMICAL AGENT There are several chemical agent used for disinfection. Disinfectant is a chemical substance that destroyed microorganism in an inanimate object. The chemical agent that kill germs or inhibit it growth is called germicide. While the chemical agent that

Verious Sterilization technique in the medical laboraotry

PHYSICAL TECHNIQUE This technique involved radiation dry heat, moisture, boiling water, steam at 100ºC, and steam under pressure. Radiation: This method involved the used electromagnetive radiation in the microbiology laboratory to achieve this sterilization goal. In these techniques, the source


Safety Precaution Against infection in medical laboratory All specimen brought to medical laboratory should considered as a great hazard, pathogenic. It is a bad practice to assume that only sample collected for bacteriological investigation are pathogenic or infectious. For example

Common Accident in Medical Laboratory

Laboratory safety Medical laboratory practice, is an area of practice with many associated accidents, and hazard. At such everyone working in the laboratory is at risk of contracting transmittable disease via contact or from clinical samples. However accident is unavoidable

What is Microorganism

MICROORGANISM Microorganisms are tiny organism which cannot be able to be seen with our naked eyes except with the help of microscope. Microorganism are ubiquitous in nature, (they are found everywhere i.e., in the air, soil, water, cloth, human bodies,

Medical Professional Ethics

PROFESSIONBAL ETHICS Newly admitted member into the medical laboratory field or existing practitioners must all time be dedicated to their work and discharge there duty properly as it where pledge when sign in for the work. As such practitioners must

Medical Laboratory Survelance

MEDICAL LABORATORY OBSERVATION The work carried out in medical laboratory help in diagnosis and treatment of diseases. As a result of this, the scientist must be sure that all test requested is conducted properly, if with any reason, the test

Medical Laboratory Qualification Requirement 

Medical Laboratory Qualification Requirement  The government of the land is charge with the qualification responsibility of entry into the professional studies of medical laboratory science. There are two way which the studies are set up, College of Health, the College


MEDICAL LABORATORY REGULATORY BODY Like order field, medical laboratory has a regulatory body which were set up by the government of the country in order to train and issue practitioner license to it qualified members. Each country has its own

Introduction to Medical Laboratory

Medical laboratory science is a canopy area made up of many disciplines. The most paramount departmental discipline of medical laboratory science comprise the following; Clinical chemistry Histopathology Haematology Microbiology The important function of medical laboratory is to help the doctor


Just like other organization, medical laboratory is not an exception, environment is one the most considerable area in terms of setting up medical laboratory. There are no specific size rule  out for setting up medical laboratory, but environment must be