Anaemia due to chronic inflammation. This is characteristically a
normochromic normocytic anaemia. Common causes of anaemia of chronic disorder include:
» malignancy, e.g. haematological or solid tumours,
» autoimmune disorders, e.g. rheumatoid arthritis,
» acute or chronic infections, e.g. HIV and TB,
» chronic kidney disease, and
» chronic rejection of solid-organ transplantation, etc.
Treat the underlying condition.
Transfusion is seldom necessary.
Do not treat with iron, folic acid or vitamin B12 unless there is a documented deficiency.
Reference and further reading
Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Medicines List for South Africa 2012 EditionOMOKOSHABAN