ELECTROLYTE

ELECTROLYTE

Electrolyte is a substance which when melted, will facilitate free flow of electricity. The substance form two charge ions, which are positively charge ions also called cations and negatively charge ion also More »

ELECTROLYTE UREA AND CTREATININE TEST (E/U/CREATININE)

ELECTROLYTE UREA AND CTREATININE TEST (E/U/CREATININE)

LIST OF TEST UNDER E/U/CREATININE Sodium (Na) Potassium (K) Chloride (Cl) Bicarbonate (HCO3) Urea (U) Creatinine (Cr) Glucose (Gluc)   ESTIMATION OF SODIUM & POTASSIUM There are three method used for the More »

SODIUM/POTASSIUM ESTIMATION

SODIUM/POTASSIUM ESTIMATION

SODIUM/POTASIUM ESTIMATION REAGENT   A STOCK SODIUM CHLORIDE STANDARD (1.0M) COMPOSITION Sodium chloride 45g Distilled water 1litre PREPARATION Dissolved 58.45g of sodium chloride in 20ml of distilled water, make up the solution to More »

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM CHLORIDE WITH COULOMETRY

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM CHLORIDE WITH COULOMETRY

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM CHLORIDE WITH COULOMETRY REAGENT DILUTING FLUID COMPOSITION Glacial acetic acid 100ml Concentrated nitric acid 6.4ml Deionized water 1litre PREPARATION Mixed 100ml of glacial acetic acid with 200ml of deionized More »

LABORATORY ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM BIOCARBONATE

LABORATORY ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM BIOCARBONATE

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM BIOCARBONATE REAGENT NORMAL SALINE COMPOSITION Saline                                           1g Distilled water                            100ml PREPARATION Dissolved 1g of Sodium chloride in 100ml of 100ml water 01N (HCL) HYDROCHLORIC ACID (NaOH) SODIUM HYDROXIDE 01N More »

BLOOD ESTIMATION OF UREA

BLOOD ESTIMATION OF UREA

BLOOD ESTIMATION OF UREA Almost half of non proteinous nitrogen substance found in the blood is the constituent of urea. Urea is a product of amino acid that is produce when amino More »

container to be used collect dample for blood urea Nitrogen Test

container to be used collect dample for blood urea Nitrogen Test

SAPMLE USE TO CARRY OUT THE TEST SPECIMEN: whole blood can be used to perform blood urea nitrogen. Since whole blood can be used, then EDTA container can be use to collect More »

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM UREA USING BERTHELET METHOD

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM UREA USING BERTHELET METHOD

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM UREA USING BERTHELET METHOD REAGENT BUFFERED UREASE REAGENT COMPOSITION EDTA (Ethylene diaminetetracetic acid)                     1.0g Urease                                                                           150mg Distilled water                                                              100ml PREPARATION Dissolved 1.0g of EDTA (Ethylene diaminetetracetic acid), and 150mg More »

Laboratory Examination Of Creatinine

Laboratory Examination Of Creatinine

ESTIMATION OF CREATININE Creatinine is a nitrogenous product that is produced when metabolism of creatine in the skeletal and muscle. They are filter by the kidney and excreted in the urine. REAGENT More »

GLOCOMETER AND IT USES

GLOCOMETER AND IT USES

Glucometer can be define as instrument use for measuring the blood sugar level of a patient. The advent of glucometer come as result of scientist try to finding quick way to estimate More »

FUNCTION OF ELECTROLYTE IN THE BODY SYSTEM

FUNCTION OF ELECTROLYTE IN THE BODY SYSTEM

ELECTROLYTE Electrolyte is a substance which when melted, will facilitate free flow of electricity. The substance form two charge ions, which are positively charge ions also called cations and negatively charge ion More »

cause of male infertility and laboratory investigation

cause of male infertility and laboratory investigation

seminal fluid analysis Seminal fluid analysis is one of the important investigation of male in fertility in medical laboratory. The often requested for men that have issue of getting a woman pregnant. More »

Effect of alcohol on the body system

Effect of alcohol on the body system

Effect of alcohol on the body system Digestive and endocrine glands: Drinking too much alcohol can cause abnormal activation of digestive enzymes produced by the pancreas. Buildup of these enzymes can lead More »

SEMINAL FLUID ANALYSIS

SEMINAL FLUID ANALYSIS

Practical step of seminal fluid analysis EXAMINATION PARAMETER MACROSCOPIC EXAMINATION Time of arrival Appearances of the specimen Viscosity/liquefaction Volume of the specimen MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION MOTILITY Quantitative motility Qualitative motility Sperm count HOW More »

 

what is the Different between Fungi, Rickkeettsiae, and chlamydia?

FUNGI

fungi are non-green plant organism, they are saprophytic or parasitic. The saprophytic fungi are beneficial to man, why that of parasitic causes different type of disease to man. Fungi been saprophytic or parasitic, they cannot manufacture their food by using sun light directly, in such case they depend on already made food for their survival, as such they are called non-photosynthetic organisms. Fungi are dichotomy organism which grows either single cell as in yeast or colonies as multicultural hyphae, i.e., mould.

Fungi mode of reproduction is by replication of spores, in recognition of the spore is what is used as their mode of identification. As it was stated previously, some fungus cause disease to living organism for detail sees mycology.

Rickkeettsiae

They are small microscopic organism, in some ways, they are place in between bacteria and viruses. The intermediate of the microorganism between bacteria and viruses is that reckkettesiae have characteristic of both bacteria and viruses. The similarity of these organism with bacteria is that the inner core of the organism contain  DNA and RNA which bacteria contain, also have the same metabolic enzyme, and reproduce by binary fission as the bacteria does, while the similarity of it with viruses is that they can only replicate within the living cells of their host as virus does.

Chlamydia

these also have a similar relationship with bacteria of been having the same concentration of DNA and RNA in the inner core of their bodies, as the bacteria poses and poses muramic acid as a chemical composition of their outer shells walls, as the bacteria poses Chlamydia are intracellular organism, their size is double of that of rickettsiae. The organism is very reactive to any interferon administer to it. Prions are the causative agents of a distinct group of unseals neurological disease (the transmissible degenerative encephalopathy’s TDE) which share the common features of prolonged incubation times. The known TDE include Creutzfeldt Jacob disease (CJD) it affect human being worldwide Scrapies which also affect sheep in some area of the world, Mink Encephalopathy which occur sporadically in North American and Europe, Kuru which affect human but is confined to paupua New Guinea and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) which affect cattle. Perions are elemental particles which are resistance to the action of chemical disinfectant and formaldehyde and withstand autoclaving at 121 degree Celsius for 15 minutes. A number of theories exist as to the nature of this infectious agents but it has never been isolated on artificial media or in tissue culture (Baker & Silverton, 1998: 252).

READ  Structure of Bacteria

 

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