ELECTROLYTE

ELECTROLYTE

Electrolyte is a substance which when melted, will facilitate free flow of electricity. The substance form two charge ions, which are positively charge ions also called cations and negatively charge ion also More »

ELECTROLYTE UREA AND CTREATININE TEST (E/U/CREATININE)

ELECTROLYTE UREA AND CTREATININE TEST (E/U/CREATININE)

LIST OF TEST UNDER E/U/CREATININE Sodium (Na) Potassium (K) Chloride (Cl) Bicarbonate (HCO3) Urea (U) Creatinine (Cr) Glucose (Gluc)   ESTIMATION OF SODIUM & POTASSIUM There are three method used for the More »

SODIUM/POTASSIUM ESTIMATION

SODIUM/POTASSIUM ESTIMATION

SODIUM/POTASIUM ESTIMATION REAGENT   A STOCK SODIUM CHLORIDE STANDARD (1.0M) COMPOSITION Sodium chloride 45g Distilled water 1litre PREPARATION Dissolved 58.45g of sodium chloride in 20ml of distilled water, make up the solution to More »

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM CHLORIDE WITH COULOMETRY

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM CHLORIDE WITH COULOMETRY

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM CHLORIDE WITH COULOMETRY REAGENT DILUTING FLUID COMPOSITION Glacial acetic acid 100ml Concentrated nitric acid 6.4ml Deionized water 1litre PREPARATION Mixed 100ml of glacial acetic acid with 200ml of deionized More »

LABORATORY ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM BIOCARBONATE

LABORATORY ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM BIOCARBONATE

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM BIOCARBONATE REAGENT NORMAL SALINE COMPOSITION Saline                                           1g Distilled water                            100ml PREPARATION Dissolved 1g of Sodium chloride in 100ml of 100ml water 01N (HCL) HYDROCHLORIC ACID (NaOH) SODIUM HYDROXIDE 01N More »

BLOOD ESTIMATION OF UREA

BLOOD ESTIMATION OF UREA

BLOOD ESTIMATION OF UREA Almost half of non proteinous nitrogen substance found in the blood is the constituent of urea. Urea is a product of amino acid that is produce when amino More »

container to be used collect dample for blood urea Nitrogen Test

container to be used collect dample for blood urea Nitrogen Test

SAPMLE USE TO CARRY OUT THE TEST SPECIMEN: whole blood can be used to perform blood urea nitrogen. Since whole blood can be used, then EDTA container can be use to collect More »

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM UREA USING BERTHELET METHOD

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM UREA USING BERTHELET METHOD

ESTIMATION OF PLASMA/SERUM UREA USING BERTHELET METHOD REAGENT BUFFERED UREASE REAGENT COMPOSITION EDTA (Ethylene diaminetetracetic acid)                     1.0g Urease                                                                           150mg Distilled water                                                              100ml PREPARATION Dissolved 1.0g of EDTA (Ethylene diaminetetracetic acid), and 150mg More »

Laboratory Examination Of Creatinine

Laboratory Examination Of Creatinine

ESTIMATION OF CREATININE Creatinine is a nitrogenous product that is produced when metabolism of creatine in the skeletal and muscle. They are filter by the kidney and excreted in the urine. REAGENT More »

GLOCOMETER AND IT USES

GLOCOMETER AND IT USES

Glucometer can be define as instrument use for measuring the blood sugar level of a patient. The advent of glucometer come as result of scientist try to finding quick way to estimate More »

FUNCTION OF ELECTROLYTE IN THE BODY SYSTEM

FUNCTION OF ELECTROLYTE IN THE BODY SYSTEM

ELECTROLYTE Electrolyte is a substance which when melted, will facilitate free flow of electricity. The substance form two charge ions, which are positively charge ions also called cations and negatively charge ion More »

cause of male infertility and laboratory investigation

cause of male infertility and laboratory investigation

seminal fluid analysis Seminal fluid analysis is one of the important investigation of male in fertility in medical laboratory. The often requested for men that have issue of getting a woman pregnant. More »

Effect of alcohol on the body system

Effect of alcohol on the body system

Effect of alcohol on the body system Digestive and endocrine glands: Drinking too much alcohol can cause abnormal activation of digestive enzymes produced by the pancreas. Buildup of these enzymes can lead More »

SEMINAL FLUID ANALYSIS

SEMINAL FLUID ANALYSIS

Practical step of seminal fluid analysis EXAMINATION PARAMETER MACROSCOPIC EXAMINATION Time of arrival Appearances of the specimen Viscosity/liquefaction Volume of the specimen MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION MOTILITY Quantitative motility Qualitative motility Sperm count HOW More »

 

GROUP OF MICROORGANISM

Microorganism is group into the following;

Bacteria

Virus

Protozoa

Fungi

Algae

Rickettsiae

Chlamydia

Although this section is mainly base on bacteria but a brief explanation of microorganism will be explain because with this explanation, it will give more insight of our discussion.

Virus: this are microorganism that is very small, they are the smallest and the simplest life form of microorganism. They are capable of self-replication measured in nanometer 10-9Mnm.

They do not have cell structure; they are rod like in shape while some others are spherical. Virus is made up of simplest form of some coat of protein and the inner core are made up of nuclei acid, the nuclei acid found inside the virus core are either DNA ( Dioxy ribonucleic acid) or RNA ( Riboxy nucleic acid). Virus never and will never contain both of these nucleic acid, and no virus has ever been found to contain both of these substance.

Protozoa: these are small single or unicellular microorganism that belongs to the lowest division of the animal kingdom. They are made up of protoplasm and they are separated into nucleic and cytoplasm and are known to have no photo-synthetic relationships. Protozoa are group into four classes, the classification base on their locomotive organelles e.g.

Class 1 Rhizopoda: this microorganism belongs to protozoan they have organelles called pseudopodia, they move by the projection of these pseudopodia.

Below is the diagrammatic chart of

Rhizopoda:

Phylum

Protozoa

sarcordina

class

no class

genus

Entermoeba        iodomoeba      Endolimax        Dientamoeba

  1. histolytica Iodo Buschili    Endo nana     Die Fragilis
READ  Structure of Bacteria

 

  1. coli
  2. Gingivalis

 

Class ii Mastigophora: This is another class of protozoa. This class has flagellate as an organelles of their movement, the flagella are found around the body of the mastigophora which they are used for their movement; Bellow is diagrammatic of mastigophora;

Phylum

Protozoa

Mastigophora

Class

zoo mastigophora

subclass

no genus’

 

Group A

Cheilomastix; cheimensinilli

Giardia; G. lamblia

Trichomonas; T. homonis, Vaginalis

 

Group B

Leishmania: L. tropica, donovani, Brazilian

Trypanosoma; T. gambiens, cruzi, rhodensiensis

 

Class iii Cilliate: This is the class of protozoa that poses cilia as their locomotive organelles, below are the diagrammatic

ciliate protozoa;

phylum

protozoa

no class

sub phylum cilliophora

cilliata

no sub class

balantidium

bantidium coli.

Class IV sporozoa; this are non-motile protozoa, they have no locomotive organelles. They live parasitically inside their host body.  Below are diagrammatic of

sporozoa;

phylum

protozoa

sporozoa

no class

subclass

Haemosporodea

Plasmodium falciparum

Plasmodium ovale

Plasmodium malariae

Plasmodium vivax

Emeria

Emeria Hominis

Caecida

Isospora

Isospora hominis

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